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Mirja Hartimo — Humanities and Social Sciences
Logical positivism and its of fsprings are well known. But the y are not the only ones.
ponkuchanmenspref.tk There are at least two o the r major. Peirce and the phenomenology. In rough terms the main the sis of this paper is that Husserl's formal. According to Husserl, an essential part of the reconstruction of an em-. Carnap, and Peirce's pragmatism have been examined in broad terms by D. Despite the se useful pa-. Philosophy of Science , 58 pp. Copyright O by the Philosophy of Science Association.
According to Husserl, an essential part of a the ory's reconstruction is the ma the matical description of its domain, that is, the world or the part of the world the the ory intends to talk about. Contrary to the traditional micrological approach favored by the members of the Vienna Circle, Husserl, inspired by modem geometry and set the ory, aims at a ma- crological analysis of scientific the ories that takes into account the global struc- tures of the ories as structured wholes. This is set in the complementary the ories of manifolds and the ory forms considered by Husserl himself as the culmination of his formal the ory of science.
Logical positivism and its of fsprings are well known to have a very high esteem for logic, ma the matics and the empirical sci- ences. There are at least two o the r major nonpositivist philosophical movements in the philosophy of the twentieth century with a similar appraisal of the se sciences, considering a proper underst and ing of the m as the essential and central task of philosophy.
We are referring to the pragmatism of C. Peirce and the phenomenology of E. In rough terms the main the sis of this paper is that Husserl's formal philosophy of science can be considered as an anticipation of the con- temporary semantic view of the ories considering ma the matics and not logic to be the appropriate tool for the reconstruction of empirical the ories.
Gruender ; for an account of the relations between Husserl's phenomenology and Peirce's phenomenology phaneroscopy , see Spiegelberg Despite the se useful pa- pers, a comprehensive account of the relations of pragmatism, phenomenology and logical positivism is still lacking. For Husserl it is not sufficient for a philosophically adequate description of an empirical the ory to describe only its linguistic features; what is needed as well is a ma the matical description of its models or formal ontology. Husserl's formal philosophy of sciences takes its inspiration from Cantor's set the ory, Klein's "Erlangen programme" and Hilbert's axiomatization of Euclidean geometry.
It aims at the reconstruction of the global structure of empirical the ories and may the refore be characterized as a macrologica12 approach in contrast to the micrological one favored by the members of the Vienna Circle in the early decades of the century. Husserl formulated the essentials of his ma the matical, macrological philosophy of science in the last years of the nineteenth century. He published his approach for the first time in Logische Untersuchungen in 1. The liberation of positivist philosophy of science from its logico-linguistic straitjacket began in the fifties with Suppes's claim that philosophy of science should use set the oretical methods instead of metama the matical ones Suppes Thus, Husserl's ma the matical philosophy of science anticipates the basic idea of Suppes by more than fifty years.
Of course, we do not claim Husserl as the founding fa the r of the semantic view; this would be quite absurd. His ma the matical philosophy of science has had virtually no effect on the mainstream of philosophy of science dominated by logical positivism and was almost completely ignored in the phenomenological camp as well, with the rare exceptions of London , Mahnke [I , Becker , , and Cavaillbs [I Before we go into details, let us remark on the relations between Husserl's phenomenology and logical positivism.